Professor Carter was a trial attorney in the honors program of the Civil Rights Division
of the U.S. Department of Justice from 1978 to 1981. She worked on voting, housing,
and education discrimination cases. She then spent four years as a criminal defense
attorney with the Salt Lake City Legal Defender Association, where she tried cases
ranging from DUI to murder.
In 1985, Professor Carter joined the McGeorge faculty. She has written on death penalty,
evidence, international treaty issues, and international criminal procedure. She is
the co-author of a treatise on Capital Punishment Law, books on Global Issues in Criminal
Law and Criminal Procedure, and a recent book on International Criminal Procedure.
Her current area of interest is international criminal law, with a focus on war crimes
Prof. Carter has lectured and researched international criminal law issues in multiple
venues. In 2005, she studied the Gacaca trials in Rwanda and conducted a workshop
in Cambodia. In 2007, she served as a Visiting Professional in the Appeals Chamber
of the International Criminal Court in The Hague and as a legal researcher at the
International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda. She was a Fulbright Senior Specialist
in Senegal in 2009. Since 2003, she has worked with the Brandeis Institute for International
Judges, which convenes meetings of judges from all major international tribunals.
In the summer of 2013, Prof. Carter directed the first Law and Development Practicum
for law students in Kampala, Uganda. Prof. Carter is a member of professional organizations,
including the International Bar Association, the National Association of Criminal
Defense Lawyers, and the American Branch of the International Law Association; she
is also an elected member of the American Law Institute.
Representative Scholarship and Activities
- Co-Director (with Richard Goldstone), Brandeis Institute for International Judges, The International Rule of Law in a Human Rights Era, Lund, Sweden, July 2013.
- Director, Law and Development Practicum, Kampala Uganda, May 19-June 8, 2013.
- Taught International Criminal Procedure in the United Nations Interregional Crime
and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) Master of Laws in International Crime and
Justice, Turin, Italy, March 2013.
- Coached students for Pace University International Criminal Court moot court competition,
- Speaker, Sacramento Protect and Defend Bar program on my experiences in litigating
the In re Alien Children Education Litigation case at the trial level in Texas (in the United States Supreme Court sub nom. Plyler v. Doe), February 2013.
- Lecturer on International Criminal Law in a project sponsored by the International
Law Institute-African Centre for Legal Excellence, conducted at the University of
Sierra Leone, Freetown, Sierra Leone, January 2013.
- Panelist, Imagining the Future of the ICC at "International Criminal Court at Ten"
conference, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri, November 2012.
- Panelist, International Judicial Trials, Truth Commissions, and Gacaca: Developing a Framework
for Transitional Justice from the Experiences in Sierra Leone and Rwanda at a conference on the legacy of the Special Court for Sierra Leone, University of
Pittsburgh School of Law, April 2012.
Upcoming Publications and Activities
- The Future of the International Criminal Court: Complementarity as a Strength or a
Weakness?," ___ Wash. U. Global Studies L. Rev. ___ (2013).
- International Judicial Trials, Truth Commissions, and Gacaca: Developing a Framework
for Transitional Justice from the Experiences in Sierra Leone and Rwanda in the Sierra Leone Special Court and Its Legacy: The Impact for Africa and International
Criminal Law (Charles C. Jalloh ed., Cambridge University Press, forthcoming 2012).
- Ongoing research project on the Relationship of the International Criminal Court and
National Jurisdictions, with Mark Ellis, International Bar Association, and Charles
Jalloh, Associate Professor, University of Pittsburgh School of Law.
- Linda Carter and Fausto Pocar, eds., International Criminal Procedure: The Interface
of Civil Law and Common Law Legal Systems (Edward Elgar 2013).
- Linda E. Carter, The Evolution of Justice Kennedy's Eighth Amendment Jurisprudence on Categorical Bars
in Capital Cases, 44 McGeorge Law Review 229 (2013).
- Linda E. Carter, Ellen Kreitzberg, and Scott M. Howe, Understanding Capital Punishment
Law (3rd edition, LexisNexis 2012).
- Linda E. Carter, Torture and the War on Terror: The Need for Consistent Definitions and Remedies, 6 Journal of National Security Law and Policy 291 (2012).
- Linda E. Carter, The International Criminal Court in 2021, 18 Southwestern Law School Journal of International Law 199 (2011).
- Carter, Blakesley and Henning, Global Issues in Criminal Procedure (Thomson/West 2011).
- Linda E. Carter, The Challenge of "Firsts" in International Criminal Justice: First Courts, First Judges,
and Issues of First Impression, essay included in Eboe-Osuji (ed.), Protecting Humanity: Essays in International
Law and Policy in Honor of Navanethem Pillay (Martinus Nijhoff 2010).
- Linda E. Carter, The Principle of Complementarity and the International Criminal Court: The Role of
Ne Bis in Idem, 8 Santa Clara J. Int'l L. 165 (2010).
- Mary-Beth Moylan and Linda E. Carter, Clemency in California Capital Cases, 14 Berkeley J. of Crim. L. 37 (2009).
- Linda E. Carter, Le développement de la procédure pénale internationale: Le défi d'un mélange entre
les systèmes de droit romano-germanique et de la common law (Developing International
Criminal Procedure: The Challenge of Blending Civil and Common Law Legal Systems).
- Linda E. Carter, The Importance of Understanding Criminal Justice Principles in the Context of International
Criminal Procedure: The Case of Admitting Evidence on Appeal, in Gabriella Venturini and Stefania Bariatti (eds.), Liber Fausto Pocar: Individual
Rights and International Justice (Giuffre Editore 2009).
- The International Criminal Court In An Effective Global Justice System (Edward Elgar, 2016) with co-authors Mark Ellis and Charles Jalloh.
- Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: The Deterrence Effect of the International Criminal
Tribunals (Nuremberg Principles Academy, 2016) with co-editor Jennifer Schense.
Books Published in 2016